• HOME >
  • Tea Processing

What is the difference between raw pu-erh and green tea?

[2016.04.14] Posted By


Some people often confused between raw pu-erh and green tea. The appearance of these teas looks similar indeed. Actually, the process of making these two teas are exactly the same, the different is merely the drying method: green tea is dried with hot air dryer while raw pu-erh tea is dried by sunshine.

The tea making process of green tea and raw pu-erh tea

The process of making raw pu-erh tea and green tea is as follow.

  1. Green Tea : Withering (Depending on the type of green tea) >> Pan-frying >> Rolling >> Drying with hot air
  2. Raw Pu-erh Tea : Withering >> Pan-frying >> Rolling >> Drying by Sunshine

The ripe pu-erh tea is produced with microbiological fermentation of raw pu-erh tea


Sunshine drying affects the outcome of aging

For drying raw pu-erh tea, it is purely about sunshine drying. Therefore, the weather is the key factor affecting the quality of tea. For example, please imagine drying laundries. The odor of the clothes dried under the sunny day or cloudy day is not the same. The raw pu-erh tea dried in sunny day gives a more refreshing flavor with a very clear taste and less astringency. On the contrary, the raw pu-erh tea dried in cloudy day or rainy day gives distinctive odor like dried mushroom and taste is astringent. Once this off-flavor is developed, it will never disappear but to remain in the tea even after many years of aging. The sunshine drying of pu-erh tea is not just about the drying the tea to reduce its moisture content, but it is a more serious matter that affects the quality of tea aging. Nowadays, good manufacturers are using the green room for sunshine drying of raw pu-erh tea. Having this room, they can manage better sanitation and conduct consistent drying process. However, still it becomes less effective once the weather is unfavorable.

IMG_2280The relative humidity (RH) of those villages producing tea is at around 30-40%. The RH is extremely low in Yunnan because of the higher altitude. Once rain comes, the RH exceeds 60%. The difference is significant.
The following photos show the sunshine drying process. After drying for a while, tea is once gathered in center to re-distribute the moisture. They repeat this work a few times in a day in order to dry the tealeaf thoroughly.





We have to make sure select the well-processed tea

The rainy weather accelerates the growing speed of tea and the taste of tea becomes very light. In addition, the rainy weather causes the quality defect on tea on account of insufficient drying during cloudy/rainy day. For us, it is very crucial to monitor the weather during tea production season. Since we produce all Yunnan tea on tailor-made basis, we are requesting tea manufacturer to segregate each production date into different batches. In case there is any day that tea is not properly dried, I can leave out the particular batch of tea.

Related Articles

How to get the latest update on HOJO?

1. Follow Twitter, 2. Click "Like" on Facebook, and 3. Subscribe in newsletter. You can have the latest tea news from HOJO.

Subscribe the Newsletter to enjoy the privileges
You may receive a free sample upon purchase, or you may have the priority to purchase special products. So please remember to subscribe our newsletter as well as the social network.

HOJO TEA Online Shop NEWSlist

Taiping Houkui 2019 is now available in our store
2019 Taiping Houkui is available in our store. Taiping …
2019 Chinese Green Teas are available in our store
We have now received three types of 2019 Chinese green …


Wu Mu Long Raw Pu-erh Tea 2019 is available in our store
We have released Wu Mu Long Raw Pu-erh tea 2019 (烏木龍古樹生 …
Taiping Houkui 2019 is now available in our store
2019 Taiping Houkui is available in our store. Taiping …
2019 Chinese Green Teas are available in our store
We have now received three types of 2019 Chinese green …
Pre-Booking of Da Xue Shan Wild Tea and White Tea Mao-Cha 2019
We open the pre-booking of Da Xue Shan Wild Raw Pu-erh …
The Field Report of Yunnan Tea in 2019
We have been staying in Yunnan since 9th of April for s …
Limited Release of Rare Single Tree Pu-erh, White and Black Tea
We have opened the sales of Single Tree Tea (Dan Zhu Te …
New Release of Vintage Guo Gan Ripe Pu-erh Tea
We released very rare and limited ripe pu-erh tea. It i …
New Release of High Mountain Purple Black Tea 2018
We have released High Mountain Purple Black Tea 2018. T …
New Release of Gong Ting Jin Hao From Huo Cao Shan
Now we got good news for the ripe pu-erh tea lover. We …
Tsukigase Sencha Processed with Long Withering
We made an interesting green tea with Tsukigase’s sprin …